Case study – A Tasty Beer Requires a Smooth Finish
As even the smallest numbers of contaminants can multiply during the brewing process, ensuring that outstanding levels of hygiene are maintained is vital to the effective production of quality beer. The avoidance of contaminants helps to guarantee the delivery of a high quality product and prevents the possibility of revenue losses through the production of a spoil batch.
To help ensure adequate levels of cleanliness, stainless steel remains the material of choice for brewing-plant. Stainless steels are iron alloys containing chromium and nickel. The 300 series is the most commonly used type of stainless steels employed within the brewing industry. The specific alloys that are most often used are AISI 304 and 316, which are very corrosion resistant and are essentially inert to beer.
Despite the material’s suitability for use within breweries, contaminants are able to adhere to stainless steel surfaces that are not finished or polished to the required standards. Prior to ordering new brewing plant, informed purchasers specify the required surface finish standards, then check the resulting manufactured products’ adherence to specification.
One such demanding purchaser of stainless steel brewing plant is Brewdog. Located on a 5.5 acre site in Ellon, North of Aberdeen, the Brewdog plant is a state-of-the-art eco brewery and is one of the most technologically advanced and environmentally friendly breweries in the world.
Niall Murphie (Engineer) explained. “Brewdog applies the most rigorous quality standards, although at the end of the day, it all comes down to the quality and taste of what is in our customers’ glasses.”
“Although there are a relatively small number of micro-organisms that are able to affect the quality of beer, these unwelcome contaminants have the potential to have a massive negative effect on the end product. They can radically alter a beer’s flavour and result in expensive losses.”
“As Brewdog is constantly increasing our capacity we regularly source new processing equipment. To help prevent hygiene problems – all stainless steel vessels, fabricated pipework and equipment we purchase has its surface finish check to ensure it conforms to our stated hygiene standards.“
“As our previously used surface finish checking methods were somewhat subjective and could lead to differences of opinion with our suppliers, we recently searched for a more objective means of measuring this important parameter. Having considered several options we purchased an accurate Surftest SJ-210, Portable Surface Roughness Tester from Mitutoyo. As our new surface tester is calibrated and its results are traceable to national standards, our suppliers see its findings as being unbiased and factual.”
“Now, in addition to using the new, Mitutoyo instrument throughout our brewing plant, its light weight and portability allows us to bring it to our fabrication suppliers and to check that all stainless steels fabrications conform to our specifications. In addition to setting the instrument to a nominal surface finish figure of, for instance 0.8 μm Ra, we also apply acceptable upper and lower tolerance limits. This ensures that pass/fail results are displayed immediately after completion of a measuring routine. As we use the Surftest SJ-210 in some difficult to access areas it helps that its results are displayed on an easy to read back-lit LCD.”
“As well as improving our accuracy capability in this critical area, our new Mitutoyo instrument has also increased our speed of stainless steel surface inspection.”
Mitutoyo offers an extensive selection of high-quality surface roughness testers, ranging from battery powered portable types that can be applied to any workpiece, irrespective of size, through to the most sophisticated laboratory type CNC instruments.
The Surftest SJ-210 Portable Surface Roughness Tester, as purchased by Brewdog is a robust portable surface roughness tester that is able to operate independently of mains power and to make accurate measurements on almost any part of a workpiece of practically any size. The SJ-210’s 2.4-inch colour graphic back-lit LCD provides excellent readability and an intuitive display that is easy to use. Operation is by keys on the front of the unit and under the sliding cover. Up to 10 measurement conditions and one measured profile can be stored in the unit’s internal memory. An optional memory card can be used to further extended the SJ-210’s memory and store large quantities of measured surface profiles and setup conditions, whilst access to each feature can be protected to prevent unintended operation. To confirm continued accurate use, an alarm warns the user when the stylus should be checked for wear.
The Surftest SJ-210 complies with the applicable international standards concerning definition and calculation of the values of surface roughness parameters. In addition to the calculation results, sectional calculation results and assessed profiles, bearing curves and amplitude distribution curves can be displayed.