Category Archives: News

Inside Story Issue 8

Toughened glass is made from annealed glass, either by thermal tempering or chemical processing. Chemical processing results in increased toughness compared with thermal toughening and can be applied to glass objects of complex shape. Toughened glass is typically used architecturally. Safety glass, which comprises toughened (tempered) glass reinforced with polymer laminations is, of course, standard in autos. Aerospace applications generally employ combinations of polymer, glass and other materials.

Inside Story Issue 7

Jim Salsbury, Ph.D. Corporate Metrologist, Mitutoyo America, comments, “As measuring equipment has gotten more complex and organizations more lean, one begins to wonder if the calibration certificate is really understood by the end user. Organizations spend a lot of money on calibration, but are they getting the return on that investment that they should?”

Inside Story Issue 6

While the concept of the screw thread was known in ancient times, its first application to measurement was in 1638 by William Gascoigne, a British Astronomer. Gascoigne used a screw thread to fine-adjust the angular displacement of his telescope as he moved it to observe and record the position of stars.

Inside Story Issue 4

ATRONA Material Testing Laboratories, Inc. (www.atrona.com) located in Machesney Park, a suburb of Rockford, Illinois, provides metallurgical and materials analysis and related engineering services.

Inside Story Issue 3

The technology of heart transplants has been honed for almost 40 years now. Survival rates are constantly improving and great progress has been made on the problem of organ rejection. In fact, a challenge arguably tougher than surgery today is the ever-widening gap between the number of cardiac transplant candidates and the number of donor organs available to help them.

Inside Story Issue 2

Family owned, with more than sixty employees and six manufacturing cells, the ISO 9001-certified company occupies more than 62,000 square feet in modern facilities located in the Ossian Industrial Park about 15 miles south of Fort Wayne, Indiana.

The driver behind the design of most Roembke Mfg. molds is precise flash control. According to Gregory J. Roembke, Executive Vice President, “Customer requirements can vary from having extensions on the parts that will deflash easily and consistently, to parts with only a 0.002” maximum extension as they come directly from the mold.”

Inside Story Issue 1

The Interface Assessment Division, a unit of the Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC) located in Corona, California, uses its precision measurement capabilities (traceable to national standards) to assure the form, fit, and functional requirements of physical interchangeability and mechanical interoperability as specified by the Navy.

Performance of CMMs: Testing, Calibration, and Uncertainty

[embedit snippet="2-columns"] 1. Introduction Coordinate measuring machines (CMMs) are the most advanced dimensional measuring instruments on the market today. Their unlimited versatility allows them to be used for an infinite number of measurements. But the inherent flexibility of CMMs can also make them difficult to implement. If you are new to CMMs, you are probably wondering how to determine which of the many available machines will be accurate enough for your needs and also how to best compare two similar looking machines. Once a CMM is installed, the question of how to calibrate a machine with so many capabilities is often asked. And now, with many new quality initiatives being pushed onto manufacturing and calibration, the big question is how to estimate the uncertainty of measurements being made using CMMs. We will try to answer all these questions...

On Measurement Uncertainty

The concept of measurement uncertainty is continuing to create confusion in the dimensional metrology community. As a supplier of measuring instruments and tools, Mitutoyo America receives many questions from customers about measurement uncertainty. I hope the answers to the questions below, along with the included example, will help reduce some confusion. -JGS What is measurement uncertainty? Measurement uncertainty is the estimation of potential errors in a measurement process. When determining uncertainty, you must consider all factors that impact the variation in your measurement results. Error in the measuring instrument, tool, or gage is just one source of uncertainty. Another contributor is the environment, particularly temperature for dimensional measurements. Other common factors to consider are calibration limits, operators, repeatability, and the geometry and condition of the measured workpiece. How is uncertainty expressed? Say you use an external micrometer to measure...

On Accreditation and Calibration

Over the past few years a number of new quality requirements have been released that have created some confusion in the dimensional metrology community. I have been asked many of the following questions, and I hope that these answers are useful to you and your organization. -JGS What is accreditation? Accreditation is the process of proving competency of calibration and testing services. In addition to management and quality systems requirements, accreditation demands proof of the technical ability of the calibration provider. The measurement capability of the calibration service is quantified using measurement uncertainty, which is a key requirement in accreditation. Accreditation also verifies that calibration procedures are appropriate and valid. Accreditation is therefore critical to ensuring traceability of measurements. What is measurement uncertainty? Measurement uncertainty is an estimation of potential errors in a particular measurement process. Uncertainty...